Trichotillomania therapy is a combination of medications and behavioral treatments. Medications such as olanzapine, N-acetylcysteine, and clomipramine can have a positive impact on treating this disorder.
A person with trichotillomania may avoid treatment due to embarrassment or perceived needlessness. However, seeking treatment is essential and can significantly improve the quality of life for people with trichotillomania.
Trichotillomania often coexists with depression, anxiety, or other mental health issues. When these conditions are treated, the hair pulling may improve.
It has been demonstrated that cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), a type of talk therapy, is an effective treatment for trichotillomania, a disorder characterized by an overwhelming impulse to pluck off one’s hair. It involves identifying problematic thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that trigger the behavior and making minor changes.
CBT can include techniques like habit reversal training, mindfulness, and dialectical behavior therapy. It can also involve creating sensory substitutes for hair-pulling and changing environments where the behavior occurs.
Many people with trichotillomania feel ashamed about their hair pulling, even when they know it’s not their fault. They may attempt to conceal their condition by wearing hats or applying makeup. It’s important to talk openly with friends and family about the problem and seek support from a therapist or other mental health professional.
Trichotillomania is a complex behavioral disorder. It can lead to significant functional impairment, shame, and social isolation. Such activity can lead to infections and hair loss (alopecia), among other physical issues. The most effective trichotillomania therapy is psychotherapy. People with trichotillomania and the co-occurring disorders like anxiety and depression that frequently accompany it can be helped by psychotherapy.
Cognitive behavioral therapy teaches people to examine the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors contributing to hair pulling. It also helps them to challenge their distorted beliefs and replace them with healthier ones. ACT (Acceptance and Commitment Therapy) is another type of therapy that can help people with trichotillomania. It involves learning to notice and accept uncomfortable thoughts, urges, and sensations without judging them. Then, people can commit to behaviors that support their values and goals.
Trichotillomania affects people of all ages, although it usually starts in childhood or adolescence. Experiencing hair loss can lead to emotional and social issues, such as shame, depression, and isolation, as well as physical complications like permanent baldness or alopecia.
There are several effective treatments for trichotillomania. These include habit reversal training, which involves substituting another behavior when you feel the urge to pull your hair. Other techniques, such as dialectical behavior therapy and acceptance and commitment therapy, can help you learn to accept and control your impulse to rip off your hair.
Medications may help treat the depression, anxiety, and stress that often accompany or make trichotillomania worse. However, they should be used with caution and under the guidance of a mental health professional who has experience treating body-focused repetitive behaviors like trichotillomania.
Trichotillomania usually starts between ages 9 and 13, though it can start earlier or later. It occurs more often in females. It can cause distress and embarrassment and interfere with work and school. It may also have an impact on friendships and family ties.
It’s not clear what causes trichotillomania, but genetics and other mental health conditions, such as anxiety or depression, may play a role. Stress, boredom, or other triggers, such as a recent loss or significant life event, may also lead to symptoms.
Some medications that reduce impulsivity and improve mood have been shown to help with trichotillomania. These include antidepressants, a class of drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), and dopamine blockers. Trichotillomania treatment can involve medication along with cognitive therapy and habit reversal.
People with trichotillomania often feel a build-up of tension that triggers them to pull out hair from their head, eyelashes, and eyebrows, or even in their groin area. They feel a sense of relief when they do this, but it’s usually short-lived.
Many self-help techniques can help people with trichotillomania, including mindfulness meditation and deep breathing. They can also practice relaxation exercises and work on their problem-solving skills. People need to seek treatment and open up about their condition to friends and family, as hiding it can make the anxiety worse.
The FDA has approved some medications to treat trichotillomania. These medications may reduce impulsivity and relieve the depression, anxiety, or stress that often accompany the disorder.